Academic nurses have established their careers around research, which has been used to validate nursing as a profession and to restructure education to reflect it drastically.
Only a modest percentage of nurses use the process of nursing research as a foundation for their clinical decisions, even though it has been on the agenda for a while and is supported by significant firms.
What Is Nursing Research?
A study in nursing is research that produces data used to support nursing practices. Nursing has evolved into an evidence-based field of practice, and today’s nurses not only work in hospitals but also as researchers at universities.
Nursing research process education focuses on using research evidence to support nursing interventions.
What Is The Purpose Of Nursing Research?
The process of nursing research advances our understanding of health, the promotion of health across the lifespan, the care of people with disabilities and health issues, and nursing interventions to improve people’s capacities to respond to current or upcoming health issues.
These areas of nursing study are complementary to biomedical research, which focuses primarily on the causes and management of the disease. Increased life spans, even for people with significant injuries and chronic or terminal illnesses, resulting from advances in biomedical research.
Thus, due to these biological developments, the number of people who need nursing care to manage their health issues, such as frail older people, people with chronic illnesses, and those who are terminally ill, has increased.
To develop therapeutic interventions to help patients who need nursing care, nurses perform a wide range of studies. Because of its complexity and wide breadth, the process of nursing research sometimes requires scientific support from multiple disciplines. As a result, nursing research deviates from the norm and uses techniques from various fields.
Steps Of Nursing Research Process
Nursing study implies several recognizable steps that result in a systematic and scientifically approved approach, just as nursing practice follows a systematic approach throughout the nursing process (see clipboard).
Specifying The Topic And Goal Of The Investigation
Various events can lead to nursing research issues and concerns, including:
● A Nurse’s encounter
● An incident specific to the workplace
● Further research may be motivated by a specific interest in a subject of practice nursing literature
Once the study issue has been determined, it is essential to precisely describe the questions. The researcher must define the study objective because the research questions must be tied to the aims of the investigation.
This step is crucial since it helps to define and focus the research area. Many research beginners skip over this stage and seek to explore a subject that is way too wide. Without a clear focus, the study will veer off course and become overwhelming.
The literature should be examined in light of the study question, the relevant scientific context, and the procedures and conclusions of other studies. Various formats, including CD-ROM, databases like CINEFIL (cumulative index of nursing and allied health literature), journals, books, conference papers, research papers, records, and documents, may contain pertinent material.
To maximize the use of time and boost effectiveness, it is vital to have solid library skills and be able to operate a computer. A large portion of information technology is user-friendly and may be utilized efficiently with little training.
While the literature study will frequently start with generic literature in the chosen field, the research must focus on the subject of interest.
Organizing The Investigational Strategy
After the research questions have been formulated, the best investigational techniques must be chosen, taking into account a variety of factors:
Type of research: pertinent to the investigation, such as descriptive, experimental, or action.
Data: Specifics of the information to be gathered and pertinent variables.
Samples: Locations where the information can be obtained with the most excellent efficiency.
Techniques: The approaches are taken to gather the data, such as observation, questionnaires, and interviews. Considerations for validity and reliability should also be made.
Ethics-related considerations: To ensure a successful study, it is crucial to obtain approval from the appropriate parties, including people, employment authorities, and ethics committees. Every person has the right to information before participating in research. Verbal or written consent is acceptable.
A pilot study is used to evaluate a proposed methodology. To do this, a tiny sample that closely resembles the sample to be utilized in the primary study will be used. After the pilot study, the researcher could change some aspects of the methodology.
A questionnaire is frequently needed to be pre- or pilot-tested by the researcher. This method is different from the more involved pilot study method. To verify the understanding of each questionnaire item, a pilot test may be conducted.
As soon as the pilot’s latest results are satisfactory, full-scale data gathering can begin while closely following the planned procedures. Schedules and timeframes for data collection must be created, and responders must be given sufficient information and training.
The type of data that is collected dictates the methodology for data analysis. This must be considered when formulating the investigation’s approach, drawing judgments, and offering suggestions.
The outcomes of the data analysis can be used to conclude. It is crucial to consider the degree to which the research being conducted provides the field with new knowledge.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why do nurses need research?
Research is essential for nurses because it advances their profession, keeps them current, and improves patient care. Nurses who possess information literacy abilities can make better use of information to draw their conclusions. For nurses, evidence-based practice is crucial.
What are the problems of nursing research?
Along with the difficulties of working not just with human subjects but also with human research colleagues, organizational limits, controlling for additional factors, and financial constraints are all significant challenges that the nurse researcher must overcome.
What are the top four nursing research priorities right now?
The four scientific areas of focus that make up its structure are symptom science, wellness, self-management of chronic illnesses, and end-of-life and palliative care.
Strong research abilities are needed for the field of nursing. The process of nursing research aids nurses in delivering efficient, evidence-based care as the nursing profession changes in response to societal needs and technological advancements in medicine.